The international situation in Europe shows how important it is for each country to grow independent from foreign energy sources, by boosting internal production.

While in the short term, the array of possible solutions is bound to their immediate applicability, in the medium term additional energy sources could be used to reduce reliance on foreign countries and to improve ecological sustainability. The goal is reducing

the energy dependence from foreign powers while cutting CO2 emissions.

The majority of Europe is now scrambling to find alternative energy sources, particularly those that can be harvested in less tense regions of the world. An example of this is Italy, which has boosted its gas imports by 76% in 2021 from Algeria and is planning to double on the Gas pipelines output from Azerbaijan.

Modern on-shore and off-shore Wind Farms can become a viable source of renewable energy, contributing to the reduction of foreign energy dependence and of Cardon Dioxide Emissions.

Picture: On-shore wind farm

Focus Sardinia

Sardinia might become one of the most important players in the Mediterranean in the production of renewable energy, specifically with new generation Wind Farms. The proposed construction of 6 different projects aims at meeting not only the island’s but also Italy’s energy needs.

As of now, there are 6 main offshore wind parks planned for Southern Sardinia. In the last days of December 2021, many projects have been submitted to the Ministry of Infrastructures and Sustainable Mobility and to the competent authorities in Sardinia, which are responsible to grant the works authorization.

According to local media at the moment these companies seems to be involved in this project:

From the west side of the island, the Ichnusa Wind Power has proposed the construction of a wind park of around 49.000 km2 around 35 km from the western shore.

Two main parks will be also developed by Seawind Italia Srl close to the islands of San Pietro and Sant’Antioco, respectively 21nm and 6nm from the coast. These will mostly supply the power-hungry manufacturing plants in the Southwest of the island.

A third major player involved is Repower S.p.a., the Italian branch of the Helvetic energy company that proposed the harvesting of one plant close to the two fields above. This will probably be placed off-shore Sarroch, close to where one of the biggest refineries in the Mediterranean is located.

Picture: On-shore photovoltaic plant

The remaining two projects are directly related to Nora Ventu Srl, a joint venture between Falck Renewables and BlueFloat energy. This company located in Milan, shares the same address as Morgan Stanley, hinting at a possible financial backing of the American financial bank. Two main wind parks have been proposed by Nora Ventu. Nora 1 and Nora 2 would be respectively located on Cagliari’s Gulf south-east and South-West sides, with a combined output of 1.4GWh and of annual 4.5TWh. These parks will be off Italian territorial waters at distances varying from 22 and 34 km from shore, benefitting from fewer bureaucratic burdens and local restrictions.

All in all, these wind parks will be placed at a great distance from the coast and should have a minimal visible impact from shore. Thanks to new floatable technologies the wind turbines can be fixed in deeper sea areas previously inaccessible. If older generation wind turbines had to be mounted on top of fundaments on the ocean floor, thus reducing the suitable regions, now these can be anchored in ocean swathes hundreds of meters deep.

Picture: Hydrogen stockpiling plant

If these projects will be able to deliver on their promises of minimal environmental and touristic impacts, they could be a great solution to produce energy locally, and CO2 reduction. These are viable alternatives in implementing the harvesting of renewable and local energy sources which can be integrated with other alternatives, like Biogas, Photovoltaic, Hydrogen, and Geothermal among the others.

Any feasible renewable energy source is welcomed, and we hope that the authorization will be immediately granted and that the bureaucracy would help accelerate the realization of these projects.

Picture: Biogas plant

These projects needs massive logistical support, involving ports operations, custom, transportation and expert people on shipping. Star Sardinia’s 30 years plus experience in shipping is ready to assist the companies involved and look at the growth of this sector in Sardinia.